Public Health Scotland (PHS) has today published a report describing gonorrhoea infections in Scotland from 2013-2022. The report shows that 5,641 cases of gonorrhoea were recorded in 2022 in Scotland.

Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted infection caused by a bacteria called Neisseria gonorrhoeae or gonococcus. It is passed from person to person through unprotected (without a condom) vaginal, anal or oral sex. It can be cured, and harm limited, if the appropriate antibiotic is taken at an early stage.

Cases of gonorrhoea were steadily increasing prior to the COVID-19 pandemic but have increased rapidly since the end of 2021. They are now almost 50% higher than the number recorded in 2019 (3,776).

The majority of cases of gonorrhoea in Scotland over the most recent ten-year period are in men, notably gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM). However, there has been an increase in infections among young heterosexual men and women in 2022.

Dr Kirsty Roy, Consultant in Health Protection at Public Health Scotland explained:

“The recent increase in gonorrhoea cases is concerning and likely reflects a real increase in new infections, as well as existing infections undiagnosed because of reduced access to testing during the COVID-19 pandemic.

“Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted infection which can be easily treated and we would encourage everyone to practice safe sex. The best way to reduce your risk of catching gonorrhoea and other sexually transmitted infection is the correct and consistent use of a condom for sex with new and casual partners.”

Many people with gonorrhoea will not notice any symptoms. If symptoms do appear, they usually show up between 1 to 14 days after becoming infected by the organism.

If you are concerned about gonorrhoea or other sexually transmitted infections, further information on the signs and symptoms and where to seek advice is available on NHS Inform.

View the gonorrhoea infection in Scotland report.

Last updated: 14 March 2023